Native Replacements for Invasive Plants: A list from Philip Riske, Morton Arboretum

Replacements for the weedy Amur Maple (Acer ginnala)
  • Crataegus crus-galli Cockspur Hawthorn
  • Crataegus mollis Downy Hawthorn
  • Craetaegus viridis Green Hawthorn
  • Malus coronaria Wild Sweet Crabapple
  • Malus ioensis Prairie Crabapple
  • Prunus americana Wild American Plum
  • Viburnum rufidulum Rusty Blackhaw Viburnum
Replacements for the ubiquitous Amur Honeysuckle (Lonicera mackii)
  • Corylus americana American Hazelnut
  • Lindera benzoin Spicebush
  • Rhus typhina Staghorn Sumac
  • Sambucus canadensis American Elder
  • Viburnum dentatum Arrowwood Viburnum
  • Viburnum rafinesgianum Northern Arrowwood Viburnum
  • Viburnum prunifolium Blackhaw Viburnum
Replacements for the voracious Common Buckthorn (Rhamnus cathartica)
  • Amelanchier laevis Alleghany Serviceberry
  • Cephalanthus occidentalis Buttonbush
  • Cercis canadensis Eastern Redbud
  • Cornus alternifolia Pagoda Dogwood
  • Hamamelis virginiana Common Witchhazel
  • Ostrya virginiana Hophornbeam
  • Salix discolor Common Pussywillow
Replacements for the well dispersed Winged Euonymus [Burning Bush] (Euonymus alatus)
  • Aesculus parviflora Bottlebrush Buckeye
  • Diervilla lonicera Bush Honeysuckle
  • Dirca palustris Leatherwood
  • Euonymus atropurpureus Eastern Wahoo
  • Ptelea trifoliata Wafer Ash
  • Rhus arnmatica Aromatic Sumac
  • Rhus copallina Shining Sumac
Replacements for the monstrous Multiflora Rose (Rosa multiflora
  • Amnia arbutifolia Red Chokeberry
  • Amnia melanocarpa Black Chokeberry
  • Cornus sericea sip.sericea Red Osier Dogwood
  • Hydrangea arborescens Smooth Hydrangea
  • Ribes missouriense Wild Gooseberry
  • Rosa blanda Early Wild Rose
  • Rosa setigera Illinois Rose
Replacements for the nasty Garlic Mustard (Alliaria petiolata)
  • Asarum canadense North American Ginger
  • Dicentra cucullaria Dutchman's Breeches
  • Mertensia virginica Virginia Bluebells
  • Podophyllum peltatum May Apple
  • Sanguinaria canadensis Bloodroot
  • Trillium grandiflorum Large Flowered Trillium
  • Trillium recurvatum Red Trillium
Replacements for the irascible Purple Loosestrife (Lythrum salicaria)

  • Eupatorium maculatum Joe-Pye Weed
  • Filipendula rubra Queen of the Prairie
  • Helenium autmnale Sneezeweed
  • Hibiscus palustris(moscheutos) Swamp Rose Mallow
  • Liatris spicata Blazing Star
  • Lobelia cardinalis Cardinal Flower and Lobelia siphilitica Blue Lobelia
Replacements for the unlucky Red Clover (Trifolium pretense)
  • Amorpha canescens Leadplant
  • Ascepiius tubernsa Butterfly Weed
  • Asceplius verticillata Whorled Milkweed
  • Dalea purpurea Purple Prairie Clover
  • Eryngiumyuccifolium Rattlesnake Master
  • Schiiachyrium scoparium Little Bluestem
  • Spombolus heterolepis Prairie Drop Seed